Quick Answer: What Is Bill Of Exchange And Its Characteristics?

What is the importance of bill of exchange?

A bill of exchange helps to counter some of the risks involved with exporting.

Long-term trading arrangements between firms in different countries can be badly effected by exchange rate fluctuations, so the fixed payment terms laid out in a bill of exchange provides exporters with the assurance of a fixed price..

Who is the maker of bill of exchange?

A bill of exchange is essentially an order made by one person to another to pay money to a third person. A bill of exchange requires in its inception three parties—the drawer, the drawee, and the payee. The person who draws the bill is called the drawer. He gives the order to pay money to the third party.

Is Cheque a bill of exchange?

A cheque is a type of bill of exchange, used for the purpose of making payment to any person. It is an unconditional order, addressing the drawee to make payment on behalf the drawer, a certain sum of money to the payee.

What is a bill of exchange with example?

Bill of exchange means a bill drawn by a person directing another person to pay the specified sum of money to another person. … For example, X orders Y to pay ₹ 50,000 for 90 days after date and Y accepts this order by signing his name, then it will be a bill of exchange.

When bill of exchange is used?

A bill of exchange is generally used in international trade and aims at binding one party to pay a fixed amount of money to another party at a predestined future date. As explained by Investopedia, bills of exchange are just like checks and promissory notes.

Is DD a bill of exchange?

A demand draft is a negotiable instrument similar to a bill of exchange. A bank issues a demand draft to a client (drawer), directing another bank (drawee) or one of its own branches to pay a certain sum to the specified party (payee). A demand draft can also be compared to a cheque.

What is difference between promissory note and bill of exchange?

A bill of exchange is an unconditional written order made by the drawer on drawee to receive the specified sum within the mentioned period. Whereas, a promissory note is a written promise made by the borrower or drawer to repay the amount on a specific date or order of the payee.

What is the meaning of bill of exchange?

A bill of exchange is a written order used primarily in international trade that binds one party to pay a fixed sum of money to another party on demand or at a predetermined date.

What does a bill of exchange contains?

A bill of exchange contains: 1. The term “bill of exchange” inserted in the body of the instrument and expressed in the language employed in drawing up the instrument; 2. An unconditional order to pay a determinate sum of money; 3. The name of the person who is to pay (drawee); 4.

How do you prepare a bill of exchange?

There are five important parties to a Bill of Exchange: The Drawer: The drawer is the person who has issued the bill. In an export transaction, exporter draws the bill as money is owed to him. The Drawee: The drawer is the person on whom the bill is drawn.

Why is a bill of exchange unconditional?

“A bill of exchange is an unconditional order in writing, addressed by one person to another, signed by the person giving it, requiring the person to whom it is addressed to pay on demand or at a fixed or determinable future time a sum certain in money to or to the order of a specified person, or to bearer”.