Question: What Are Two Factors That Cause Convection?

What causes convection currents quizlet?

A convection current is the flow that transfers heat with in a fluid.

Heating and cooling of the fluid, changes in the fluid density, and the force of gravity, combine to set convection currents in motion.

Heat from the core and the mantle itself cause convection currents in the mantle..

What drives the convection currents inside of the earth?

Heat from the core and the mantle itself causes convection currents in the mantle. … The hot rock eventually cools and sinks back through the mantle. Over and over, the cycle of rising and sinking takes place. Convection currents like these have been moving inside Earth for more than four billion years!

What is heat convection example?

The wind blows from the cooler parts of Earth to the warmer parts. Other examples of convection are: boiling a pot of water on the stove; using a hot radiator to warm the air in a room; and using heated air to make a hot-air balloon rise up into the sky. Radiation.

Is a fan an example of convection?

The hot air popper which is used to make popcorn also utilises the principle of convection. The hot air popper has a fan, vent, and a heating element. When the popper is turned on, the fan is employed to blow air on the heating element through the vent. The heating element, in turn, warms the air; which then rises.

What is a simple definition of convection?

Convection is the circular motion that happens when warmer air or liquid — which has faster moving molecules, making it less dense — rises, while the cooler air or liquid drops down. … Convection currents within the earth move layers of magma, and convection in the ocean creates currents.

What factors cause convection currents?

Three factors contribute to set convection currents in motion:heating and cooling of the fluid,changes in the fluid’s density, and.force of gravity.The heat source for these currents is heat from Earth’s core and from the mantle itself.Hot columns of mantle material rise slowly.More items…

Where do convection currents occur?

Answer and Explanation: Convection currents in the Earth occur in the mantle. The core of the Earth is extremely hot, and material in the mantle close to the core is heated…

Which of the following is an example of convection?

Everyday Examples of Convection Boiling water – The heat passes from the burner into the pot, heating the water at the bottom. Then, this hot water rises and cooler water moves down to replace it, causing a circular motion. Radiator – Puts warm air out at the top and draws in cooler air at the bottom.

What are 4 examples of convection?

13 Examples Of Convection In Everyday LifeBreeze. The formation of sea and land breeze form the classic examples of convection. … Boiling Water. Convection comes into play while boiling water. … Blood Circulation in Warm-Blooded Mammals. … Air-Conditioner. … Radiator. … Refrigerator. … Hot Air Popper. … Hot Air Balloon.More items…

What would happen if convection currents stopped?

Answer 1: If all convection currents on Earth stopped that would be a natural disaster. The amount of heat which the sun radiates at us sets the temperature of the Earth’s surface. … So if convection completely stopped the high and low temperatures would force people and animals to move away from the poles and equator.

How can we reduce convection?

Convection can be minimized by trapping a warm fluid next to the body. This is how clothing works. It traps warm air tithing the clothing making it difficult to exchange warm air for cold. Non porous materials like plastic trashbags are effective for trapping warm air or water next to the body.

Which of these is an example of forced convection?

Cooking of food. Type of cooking where we stir the liquid food in the pan to get uniform cooking is the example of forced convection. Another classic example is air conditioning of the room where we force the moisturized air to move around the room. Hair dryer is another example of forced convection.

What are two types of convection?

Thermal Convection There are two types of convection: natural convection and forced convection. Natural convection is produced by density differences in a fluid due to temperature differences (e.g., as in “hot air rises”).

What are three types of convection?

Everyday Examples of ConvectionBoiling water – The heat passes from the burner into the pot, heating the water at the bottom. … Radiator – Puts warm air out at the top and draws in cooler air at the bottom.Steaming cup of hot tea – The steam is showing heat being transfered into the air.More items…

What three factors set convection currents?

Three factors contribute to set convection currents in motion:heating and cooling of the fluid,changes in the fluid’s density, and.force of gravity.The heat source for these currents is heat from Earth’s core and from the mantle itself.Hot columns of mantle material rise slowly.More items…

What happens when convection currents occur?

convection currents occur when a heated fluid expands, becoming less dense, and rises. The fluid then cools and contracts, becoming more dense, and sinks.

What is the process of convection?

Convection is the circular motion that happens when warmer air or liquid — which has faster moving molecules, making it less dense — rises, while the cooler air or liquid drops down. … Convection currents within the earth move layers of magma, and convection in the ocean creates currents.

What are the types of convection?

There are two types of convection: natural convection and forced convection. Natural convection is produced by density differences in a fluid due to temperature differences (e.g., as in “hot air rises”). Global atmospheric circulation and local weather phenomena (including wind) are due to convective heat transfer.